Each face mask represents a different character (Bhavnani 46). At this time a colour-canopy appears over the curtain, when an extra ordinary noise is heard. Different Forms of Maa Kali. Maa Kali is shown in absolute rage. Two oval shaped red spots – one each on forehead and nose tip – complete the White Taadi. yellow denotes combination of godliness and turmoil. … In this make-up the face is coloured red, while chin, lips and around the eyes black lines are drawn. The border lines of the red are in white. The Mask conception in Kathakali. 3 Unnayivarrier Smaraka Kalanilayam, Iringalakkuda, Thrissur District. forms. Guide and explanation of Kathakali, the famous indigenous dance theatre of Kerala. of villainous types because villains and demons can be either kings, gods or They are part of the ten Indian Classical Dances are quite revered in the country. The theory and foundations of Kathakalī are same as other major classical Indian dances, traceable to Sanskrit texts such as the Natya Shastra, but the expression style in each is very different and distinctive. Chaakyaaar Koothu is an art worshipping folk dance staged in temples alone. He ties around 30 to 40 pieces of short cloth around the waist aided by a long cloth twisted rope. Thin decorative coating of Chutti covers the black end portion of the face and meets the Chuttinata (hem of head dress). The characters are grouped under certain clearly defined types like the pacha, kathi, thadi, kari or minukku. Yellow and red colours mix used for it creates natural skin colour supposedly of Brahmins, Rishis and virtuous women. to the category of good characters and Krishna and Rama may be characterized In the matter of facial make-up, Kathakali has its own style with unrivalled attraction. Kathakali performances are often held outdoors and sometimes go on all night. The hands hold the curtain on top end and fingers glide across. There are three main schools of Kathak called the gharanas of … The requested URL /data/feed/api/user/sholto.kerala?tag=KK3077TOP&kind=photo was not found on this server. The intricate make-up of Kathakali consumes more than three hours. For this a helper’s service is a must. The basic make-up of such characters is yellow, representing adbhuta or wonder. Copyright 2017. Gentleness and mildness with slow paces are Kummi’s specialties. Within the orchestra, there are two to four different kinds of drums, as well as some flutes, a gong, and a chief singer. Nose tip bears a Chuttipuvu of normal size. No raised platform is necessary. White lines in oval shape are drawn around the eyes with red colour in between the lines. In five different rhythms and four different tempos, the Kathakali characters unfold the text and the context of a play on stage. There are the demi-Gods or the heroes; It is considered as the oldest theater form in the world, dating back to over 2000 years. There are the unique persons who live in woods and forests and That’s all we know. Black ointment is applied on lips and upper half of the face. The requested URL /data/feed/api/user/sholto.kerala?tag=KK2780TOP&kind=photo was not found on this server. They represent negative forces and are usually There are the anti-heroes and the is known in the tradition as raudra rupa, mood of anger. The plays describe extraordinary events involving gods, demons, and legendary characters. Kathakali wird als eine der ältesten Tanzformen angesehen. Kathakali is considered to be native to Kerala, whereas Kathak is believed to originate in Varanasi, though it eventually spread northward and then deviated into three distinct forms: Jaipur, Benares and Lucknow. These characters are calm, good-humoured, heroic The colours and characters in Kathakali performances are very distinctive and all very different. There is in Kathakali a recognized convention regarding vesham which includes make-up and costume. Taadi or beard is created for both the characters – godly and demonic. This is a complicated and meticulous make-up. female demons. This separates the black portion from the red portion of the face. At this stage the curtain is pulled off from the stage. The four-armed Goddess Kali and the ten-armed form of Goddess Maha Kali. a particular character type rather than being a narrator as in the other solo This make-up is with black beard and black coat. Grand laudable make-up, highly peculiar costumes and mind soothing music go with Kathakali in a spectacular scale. Kathakali is performed anywhere, but mostly in temple precincts. Characters and their attire: Unlike in most performing arts, the make up and costumes in Kathakali are not exclusive to each character. On the forehead and nose tip Chuttipuvus (flower-like white knobs) in larger size than for any other characters are also shown. Kalaaasam is pure Thaandava style dance. Paul Deussen suggests Na kṣiti and Na aksiyete, which are word plays of and pronounced similar to Nachiketa, means "non-decay, or what does not decay", a meaning that is relevant to second boon portion of the Nachiketa story. In other words, each colour represents each character with marked costume and make-up. They also wear mask like face make-up, in colours that have a strong, symbolic meaning. They all have one common characteristic: good and the gods always triumph … On the southern coast of India, the three-hundred-year-old Kathakali ritual theatre still flourishes, a mixture of dance and pantomime, religious inspiration and mythological tradition. It embodies two scenes and two verses. Kathakali is different from a similar-sounding Kathak, though both are Indian classical dance traditions of "story play" wherein the stories have been traditionally derived from the Hindu epics and the Puranas. If you want to ask us something, you go ahead and we will get back to you ASAP. First, you'll need a basic idea of the veshams ( Pachcha , Pazhuppu , Kathi, Kari, Thaadi, Minukku and Teppu) and who they typically depict. Kathakali is a visual art where aharya, costume and make-up are suited to the characters, as per the tenets laid down in the Natya Shastra. Wearing and fixing of headgear which is large in size is the next step. Ravana, the demon king is a typical kathi character in Kathakali. 2 Purappadu (debut of the main character), 3 Tiranokku (curtain look by evil characters or demons), 4 Kummi (preamble for the female character’s appearance), 6 Kalaasam (passage of hyped dance as hyphen between two pieces of verse play), 7 Samaapanam (concluding benediction dance). Now is the turn of anti-hero. Three types of acting are embodied in Kathakali. That’s all we know. both as gods and as good heroes. Great importance is laid on the Vesham or make-up which are of five types - Pacha, Kathi, Thadi, Kari and Minukku. The face of the hero character is now exposed on the stage. The colours used in the make-up are determined by the nature of the characters. The costumes in Kathakali represents the three qualities of nature viz. Gegenstand. Students will be introduced to the different characters and shown images and photos of the make-up and costumes for these characters. In this art form the essential characteristic is the moment of hand and body along with the beat of the orchestra. Kathakali was conceived by Kottarakkara Thampuran, an earlier ruler of Travancore (south part of Kerala) in the name of Ramanaattam. This make-up consists of white beard and a fur coat. messengers etc. Two protruded canine teeth over lover lips on either end of the mouth are shown for demonic characters. Kathakali has seven items to act upon. We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. Kathakali provides a window into the past and an opportunity to understand the ancient heritage that has been preserved for centuries in the Kathakali plays. For example, heroic characters will have pachcha vesham. also has characters like the half-man half-lion in Narasimha (Prahlada Charitam); The performer lies flat with face up on floor in a mat. Eugenio Barba introducing Kathakali. This procedure is known as Tirano’kku. In Kathakali the story is enlivened in the dance. Behind the lamp a rectangular curtain is held by two persons. Kathakali Music Kathakali orchestra is formed of two varieties of drums - the maddalam and chenda; the chengila which is a bell metal gong and the ilathalam or cymbals. Kathakali is more popular than Chaakyaarkooth, Koodiyaattam and other forms of art worshipping dance-dramas. A Kathakali actor enacts his ideas through mudras. This is preamble of female characters appearance. For Taadi make-ups there shall be no white Chuttis. Women performer wears silver paijaeb (a variety of ornament) before tying the bells. Kathakali is a ritualistic dance-drama of Vedic age origin. Another famed ‘Kathakali’ actor Kottakkal Sivaraman, who portrays feminine characters emotes different nayika bhavas such as lasya nayika and vasakasajjika with great élan. Vesham is classified into four, viz., thecha vesham (painted make-up) and minukku vesham (polished make-up). categories. Once the make-up is applied, the male characters in a Kathakali dance performance except for the ones with Minukku, wear an elaborate 55 yards skirt before which they drape 20-30 pieces of short cloth, to give an oval shape to the Kathakali costume. Women, sages and Brahmanas appear in ‘Minukku’. The audience chances upon the upper portion of the headgear of the hero. may be stylized types representing tribal peoples and aborigines. Elaborated, colourful and thoughtful make-up influences the dramatic effects in top level. The former marks the rhythmic beat on the gong and the latter on a pair of cymbals. Their gestures look well defined too. The musicians numbering minimum four and maximum 12 go into their job bare-chested and standing behind the actors in half circle format. These include the ordinary humans such as women, rishis, children, messengers etc. There are the unique persons who live in woods and … Expanded and crypt smiles and hyperboles convey messages. 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