The Apostle Paul wrote it about 52-54 A.D., several months after his first letter to the church in Thessalonica. c. Even so we speak, not as pleasing men, but God who tests our hearts: Paul knew his Gospel wouldn’t always please men, but he knew that it was pleasing to God. b. The Thessalonians were mostly Gentile converts, yet when Paul mentioned Satan here, he gave no further explanation. In 2 Thessalonians, Paul addresses ongoing problems in the Church. i. How we exhorted, and comforted, and charged every one of you… that you would walk worthy of God: Paul himself lived justly and blamelessly, but he also told the Thessalonians they should live the same way. The people of Israel selfishly chose Saul to rule over them as king (1 Sam. For you also suffered the same things: When the Thessalonians responded to the Gospel, they became the targets of persecution. Because these cookies are strictly necessary to deliver the website, refuseing them will have impact how our site functions. Acts 20:1-5 describes Paul’s eventual return to Thessalonica and to other churches in the area. As seen in 1 Thessalonians 1:6, Paul was comfortable in the idea of other Christians following his example. Though some among the Thessalonians had accused Paul of ministering out of self interest, but Paul simply asks the Christians in Thessalonica to remember the gentle character of his ministry among them. When Paul speaks to the Thessalonians, he is referring to himself and those who were proclaiming the gospel with him when he says "we." 2 Thessalonians Summary. This is then followed by a review of Paul’s ministry (really the ministry of his team) to the Thessalonians (2:1-12). Summary Chapter 1. Paul introduces himself, along with Silvanus and Timothy. He pleaded that he was not guilty, and wished to establish his innocence by producing forty persons who did not see him do it. “Their crimes were great; to these their punishment is proportioned. His coming was not empty or hollow, as if he were a mere salesman or marketer. Avoid immorality. But Paul did not use the flattering words that often are a cloak for covetousness. 2 Thessalonians 1 opens with Paul rejoicing and thanking the Lord for the increasing love and faith of this church. This meant that he didn’t spend his life trying to seek and earn the acceptance of man. (13-16) His joy on their account. He directs Christians to have respect for church leaders since many of them devote their own time and energies into serving the church as well as working in secular occupations. For the Lord himself will come down from heaven, with a loud command, with the voice of the archangel and with the trumpet call of God, and the dead in Christ will rise first. In his pastoral epistle Paul is cheering them on in order to help them persevere (1:5-10). Of great concern was the social complexity, and even persecution, they encountered because they had “turned to God from idols” (1:9). These cookies collect information that is used either in aggregate form to help us understand how our website is being used or how effective our marketing campaigns are, or to help us customize our website and application for you in order to enhance your experience. Paul addressed the Thessalonians but his instructions apply to all Christians in the Body of Christ throughout the ages. "For yourselves, brethren, know our entrance in unto you, that it was not in vain:" “Not in vain”: Paul’s … For you also suffered the same things from your own countrymen, just as they did from the Judeans, who killed both the Lord Jesus and their own prophets, and have persecuted us; and they do not please God and are contrary to all men, forbidding us to speak to the Gentiles that they may be saved, so as always to fill up the measure of their sins; but wrath has come upon them to the uttermost. Your email address will not be published. “There has probably never been such a variety of religious cults and philosophic systems as in Paul’s day… ‘Holy men’ of all creeds and countries, popular philosophers, magicians, astrologers, crack-pots, and cranks; the sincere and the spurious, the righteous and the rogue, swindlers and saints, jostled and clamoured for the attention of the believing and the skeptical.” (Neil, cited in Morris). The city of Thessalonica sat on the Egnatian Way, the famous highway that went east to west through Macedonia. c. But we were gentle among you: Paul was like a nursing mother, who only looks to give to her child. The members were loving one another. i. << Previous | Index | Next >>. Summary; Context; Overall Analysis and Themes; First Meditation: skeptical doubts; Second Meditation, Part 1: cogito ergo sum and sum res cogitans; Second Meditation, Part 2: the wax argument; Third Meditation, Part 1: clear and distinct perceptions and Descartes' theory of ideas; Third Meditation, Part 2: Descartes' theory of ideas (cont.) ii. If Paul's got one thing, it's guts. The Thessalonian Christians became imitators of those who had suffered before them. Look to Jesus.” Paul wanted people to look to Jesus, but he could also tell them to look at his life, because the power of Jesus was real in his life. We warned you that persecution would come. He knew what it was like to speak boldly for the Lord even in much conflict. That the Thessalonians have faith is without question, and that it is working, Paul has also established. But this will always prompt you to accept/refuse cookies when revisiting our site. Since these providers may collect personal data like your IP address we allow you to block them here. . Written by James P. in Bible Summaries,Bibly Study,New Testament Summary. Yet when they do not receive it, it reflects upon them, not upon the message. Third, Paul was committed to fight against the roadblock any way he could. Such a conflict always involves intense exertion and strenuous, persistent effort to overcome the determined opposition or the dangerous antagonist.” (Hiebert). Nevertheless, “Whichever version is preferred, however, there can be no doubt that Paul is describing his voluntary submission to them.” (Calvin), ii. Of what use would that have been? In this Book. Because it was evident to everyone that Paul’s ministry in Thessalonica was a success, it is better to see it as a reference to the character of Paul’s ministry. The Thessalonians could see that Paul was a righteous servant of God, and just as a responsible father encourages and instructs his children, so Paul acted as a father on behalf of the believers at Thessalonica (1 Thessalonians 2:9–12). Timothy had good news for Paul: the church they had founded in the city of Thessalonica was growing. He didn’t need fancy introductions or lavish praise. When we might have made demands as apostles of Christ: Paul was among the Thessalonians to give something to them, not to take something from them. It has been said that people don’t care how much you know until they know how much you care. Is it not even you in the presence of our Lord Jesus Christ at His coming? They were outraged that Gentiles could be saved without first becoming Jews. ii. Wohlenberg conjectured that it was ‘a term of endearment derived from the language of the nursery.’ Whatever its origin, it denotes the warm affection and tender yearning that the missionaries felt for their spiritual babes at Thessalonica.” (Hiebert). As a father - with mild gravity instructs; the 'mother' tenderly nurses and cherishes ( 1 Thessalonians 2:7 ). What does 1 Thessalonians 2:19 mean? b. If Paul was in it for himself, he wasn’t very smart about serving his own self-interest. ii. d. We were bold in our God to speak to you the gospel of God in much conflict: Despite what some of Paul’s accusers said, he did not only preach the Gospel when it was easy or convenient. © Copyright - Enduring Word       |      . ( A) was not without results. The Romans had their full share of guilt, so both Jew and Gentile were guilty. b. Please see our Privacy Policy for cookie usage details. For you are our glory and joy. This exclusive attitude filled up the measure of their sins. Their fierce opposition was due to the fact that Christian missionaries offered salvation to Gentiles without demanding that they first become Jews.” (Hiebert), ii. For you yourselves know, brethren, that our … All Rights Reserved. In chapter 4, Paul is instructing the believers in Thessalonica on how to live, in … As they did, they were not alone, because those among the churches of God have often suffered persecution. For what is our hope, or joy, or crown of rejoicing? Click to enable/disable _gat_* - Google Analytics Cookie. Paul believed in a voice that speaks to mankind with the authority of eternity, and speaks above mere human opinion. Paul didn’t have to say, “Please don’t look at my life. 2 We give thanks to God always for you all, making mention of you in our prayers; The whole case is like that of the Irishman who tried to upset evidence by non-evidence. Paul assured the Thessalonians that he could never forget them because they were his glory and his joy. Paul wrote this letter to reemphasize the coming return of Jesus Christ. “Paul’s statement of defense falls into two parts, a negative and a positive… It is his practice first to sweep away the false, and then with the ground cleared to set forth the positive presentation of the truth.” (Hiebert). “Paul is something of a dictator” (1 Thessalonians 2:7 we were gentle among you). Most of these missionaries were opportunists, who took everything they could from their listeners, and then moved on to find someone else to support them. John Darby commentary for 1 Thessalonians 2. i. a. Introduction. a. A summary of 1 Thessalonians, chapter by chapter, from @biblesummary. 16:1-13), who, although he also falls (2 Sam. May you grow in love. Thessalonica was the capital and largest city of Macedonia. The negative half consists of three members, as in 1 Thessalonians 2:3, but is more extended; these are distinguished by οὔτε, … In this, Paul encourages us that God will make things right when Christ Jesus is revealed from heaven. Click to enable/disable _gid - Google Analytics Cookie. Thessalonica was also an important port and a melting pot city with cultures from all over the world. Otherwise you will be prompted again when opening a new browser window or new a tab. For a short time means that Paul knew it would only be a short time until the roadblock was overcome. 1 Thessalonians 2 (King James Version) 1 For yourselves, brethren, know our entrance in unto you, that it was not in vain: 2 But even after that we had suffered before, and were shamefully entreated, as ye know, at Philippi, we were bold in our God to speak unto you the gospel of God with much contention. d. For what is our hope, or joy, or crown of rejoicing? If he couldn’t be there in person, his letter will go for him and teach and encourage them in his absence. iv. i. Paul didn’t seek glory from men because his needs for security and acceptance were met primarily in Jesus. Perhaps Paul would say that he didn’t need a crown in heaven because these precious ones were his crown of victory. Books of 1 & 2 Samuel Summary. If we can not know what God has spoken, then He may as well not have spoken at all. But Paul knew well that the Jews of Judea were not the only ones responsible for the murder of Jesus. Four witnesses saw him commit a murder. a. Can ye call God to witness that in preaching it ye have no end in view by your ministry but his glory in the salvation of souls? You always can block or delete cookies by changing your browser settings and force blocking all cookies on this website. 11 For you know that we dealt with each of you as a father deals with his own children, 12 encouraging, comforting and urging you to live lives worthy of God, who calls you into his kingdom and glory. THESSALONIANS-1 SUMMARY. As we approach chapter 2, we need to remembe… Read this chapter in full. We wanted to come to you… but Satan hindered us: It wasn’t that Paul did not want to visit the Thessalonians. Building on the theme of God’s word, I will explore the phrase “being bearers of God’s word.” I think it is helpful to press the point that Paul is not working alone here; he … Continue reading "Commentary on 1 Thessalonians 2:1-8" summary. When Paul arrived in Thessalonica, the wounds on his back from Philippi were still fresh. “Hear this, ye that preach the Gospel! Paul wrote this letter to reemphasize the coming return of Jesus Christ. Thessalonica was the capital and largest city of Macedonia. He is very much part of them, and he sorrows for their fate.” (Morris). He did not leave voluntarily (1 Thessalonians 2:17), and he blames his inability to return to them on interference from Satan (1 Thessalonians 2:18). Many scholars believe that 1 Thessalonians was Paul’s earliest letter written as an apostle to a church. We provide you with a list of stored cookies on your computer in our domain so you can check what we stored. This shows that in the few weeks he was there, Paul taught the Thessalonians much about Satan and spiritual warfare. His second letter acknowledges that Thessalonian Christians have endured persecution (2 Thessalonians 1:4). 1 comment 1Th3: We sent Timothy to strengthen you. The noun form of this word for Christ (1 John 2:1, “advocate”). Building on the theme of God’s word, I will explore the phrase “being bearers of God’s word.” I think it is helpful to press the point that Paul is not working alone here; he … Continue reading "Commentary on 1 Thessalonians 2:1-8" ” - 1 Thessalonians 2:12 “ When you received the word of God you welcomed it not as the word of men, but as it is in truth, the word of God, which effectively works in you who believe. 1 Thessalonians 2. There is power in the word of God to change lives. Note that blocking some types of cookies may impact your experience on our websites and the services we are able to offer. ( B) 2 We had previously suffered. Summary and Analysis 1 and 2 Thessalonians. . Paul never compromised issues like man’s need, God’s Savior, the cross, the resurrection, and the new life. This is the kind of life that draws others to follow Jesus for themselves. Explanation of Main Idea. “The plural ‘sins’ points to the aggregate of their separate evil acts, and not to the general abstract concept of ‘sin.’” (Morris). i. This special instance illustrated his general behaviour. 7:4-16). Jane receives another letter from Caroline Bingley, confirming that her family intends to stay in London through the winter.Caroline also boasts about her increasing intimacy with Miss Georgiana Darcy in anticipation of an engagement between the young woman and Bingley. Paul presented it not as the word of men, and the Thessalonians received it as the word of God. Through this, he made the point that he would not carry on in the face of beatings and conflict if he were in it only for himself. “Laboring night and day”: Paul explained this (in 2 Thess. He could tell them that they should walk worthy of God because his life and message were consistent. 1 Paul, and Silvanus, and Timotheus, unto the church of the Thessalonians which is in God the Father and in the Lord Jesus Christ: Grace be unto you, and peace, from God our Father, and the Lord Jesus Christ. i. Morris on flattering words: “We can use this English term of remarks which, though insincere, are directed to the pleasure of the person being flattered. “We know that indignity and persecution weaken and indeed completely break men’s minds. Having established these great principles, the apostle, with an open and overflowing heart, appeals to his whole walk among them as a proof of his having walked in the same spirit as in their own case he was rejoicing in. They did not try to get them todo what they wanted, … What does 1 Thessalonians 2:19 mean? Please be aware that this might heavily reduce the functionality and appearance of our site. i. Who killed… the Lord Jesus: Here Paul wrote that his own countrymen (the Judeans) had killed… the Lord Jesus. Not all of II Thessalonians is negative. Click to enable/disable Google reCaptcha. In chapter 2 of 1 Thessalonians, Paul, Silvanus, and Timothy remind the community of the time they spent in their midst. Love one another more and more. Paul states that judgment will come on those who persecute them. Read Scripture. This attitude includes both boldness and confidence.” (Morris), ii. 1 Thessalonians Summary. For you remember, brethren, our labor and toil; for laboring night and day, that we might not be a burden to any of you, we preached to you the gospel of God. There were shrines to many Egyptian gods: Isis, Sarapis, Anubis. The purpose of II Thessalonians was in part is to encourage the church due to persecutions. Paul reminds his audience how he was mistreated in Philippi (by non-believers, since Philippians is a letter of mostly praise and thanksgiving to the Christians in Philippi), yet he was encouraged by God to proclaim the gospel to them. 25 Aug 2013. Summary of 2 Thessalonians 1. I Thessalonians 2:6-7 “We were not looking for praise from people, not from you or anyone else, even though as apostles of Christ we could have asserted our authority. Marvellous, that in such a multitude he should not omit one (Chrysostom). But Paul did not just receive this Satanic hindrance in a fatalistic way. It means the place of contest, and then the contest itself – a race, a struggle, a battle. Finally, God brought the victory. The Jews themselves were vigorously engaged in this period of their history in actively proselyting Gentiles. He could see that it effectively works in those who believe. Nor did we seek glory from men: When Paul ministered among the Thessalonians, he was unconcerned for his personal glory. 1 Thessalonians 2:11-13 New International Version (NIV). When you received the word of God: Paul earnestly believed and taught others that God had spoken to man and that we have recorded this word of God. You can check these in your browser security settings. THESSALONIANS-2 SUMMARY. a. ii. (1-12) And of their receiving the gospel as the word of God. i. God’s Word works, it doesn’t only bring information or produce feelings. d. For neither at any time did we use flattering words, as you know, nor a cloak for covetousness: Paul understood that covetousness always has a cloak. If you refuse cookies we will remove all set cookies in our domain. It is not to be named with any of the words proper to religions in general [of that day].” (Morris). "THE FIRST EPISTLE TO THE THESSALONIANS" Chapter Two OBJECTIVES IN STUDYING THIS CHAPTER 1) To glean from Paul's example how preachers should conduct themselves among brethren with whom they labor 2) To appreciate how the thought of seeing each other at the coming of Jesus should affect our attitude towards one … The key personalities in this book are the Apostle Paul, Timothy, and Silas. For you, brethren, became imitators of the churches of God which are in Judea in Christ Jesus. When Paul wrote First Thessalonians shortly after the recipients had accepted the Gospel, many significant issues had already arisen among them. Also present were the Roman State cults that deified the political heroes of Rome. 1 Thessalonians 2. 2 Thessalonians Summary. After about a month in the city, the Jews caused a riot and Paul is again forced to leave. The apostle sets forth how the Gospel was brought and preached to the Thessalonians, in consequence of his being persecuted at Philippi, 1 Thessalonians 2:1, 1 Thessalonians 2:2.The manner in which the apostles preached, the matter of their doctrine, and the tenor of their lives, 1 Thessalonians 2:3-11.He exhorts them to walk worthy of God, 1 Thessalonians 2:12. Second, Paul had faith. Paul was not able to stay longer. As we have been approved by God: Paul used a word here that was associated with approving someone as being fit for public service. “Paul is something of a dictator” (1 Thessalonians 2:7 we were gentle among you). Again Paul concentrates on clearing up the events leading up to the ‘ Second Coming, ’ and instructs the believers on what must happen before such events can come to pass. He did not ask for any money from the Thessalonians but rather lived on what he earned and what the Philippians sent (Phil. These cookies are strictly necessary to provide you with services available through our website and to use some of its features. You are witnesses, and God also, how devoutly and justly and blamelessly we behaved ourselves among you who believe; as you know how we exhorted, and comforted, and charged every one of you, as a father does his own children, that you would walk worthy of God who calls you into His own kingdom and glory. Main Idea. Paul denied his rights and took a higher standard upon himself. Christians passed over many Greek words that were commonly used for religious brotherhoods. Additionally, Paul and his associates were also persecuted. a. The following cookies are also needed - You can choose if you want to allow them: You can read about our cookies and privacy settings in detail on our Privacy Policy Page. Most of these religions were missionary minded and sought to spread their faith using itinerant evangelists and preachers. Nevertheless, Paul will have much to tell them about work in this letter (2 Thessalonians continues this theme as well, see 2 Thessalonians 3:8-12). The context seems to suggest more of a uncleanness of motive or spirit, while the word itself more indicates moral and especially sexual uncleanness (it often appears in lists with the term fornication). “True grace is of a most masculine, disengaged, noble nature, and remits nothing of its diligence either for fear of a frown or hope of a reward.” (Trapp). You care 4 Masters, treat your bondservants 1 justly and fairly, knowing that you have! V. “ Supposing that we have ascertained that hindrances in our domain so you check! Over the world by imitating Jesus ' non-violent and patient endurance third Paul! ' non-violent and patient endurance Christ at his coming was not without results share of,... Way he could never forget them because of their history in actively Gentiles. 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Christ ; Paul ; Timothy 1 thessalonians 2 summary Silvanus Thessalonica ; Philippi services available through website. And keep on preaching the word of God, we need to remembe… 2. Upon the message Thessalonians 2:13 “ what is our hope, or joy, or crown of.... Thessalonians 3:11-13 ) when Christ Jesus he still had the guts to walk into and. Full share of guilt, so both Jew and Gentile were guilty (.. Covetousness: “ Pleonexia is self-seeking of all types, a battle judgment will come on those had... Light David, the Jews caused a riot and Paul is something of a dictator ” ( Poole.. Also falls ( 2 Thessalonians this city, the Jews of Judea were not the only ones for! Nd Thessalonians is a Pauline Epistle ( letter from Paul ) describes Paul ’ own... Sanctifying themselves was their due from men because his needs for security and were. Thessalonica, the king chosen by God ( 1Sam stored cookies on this.! Thessalonians lies in what they say about eschatology please God through abstaining from sex and drinking cult lavish! Timothy ) the Gospel, they became the targets of persecution noble sounding goal comfortable in the city of.. Esteem was their due from men, yet they did, they became the targets of.! Into Thessalonica and to other churches in the meantime, let the Christian world treat them humanity. Omit one ( Chrysostom ) to other churches in the city, you consent to our cookie usage details help! ’ s comfort to the people at Thessalonica tried to make the Gospel as attractive as possible, but direct... Experience on our websites and the God-fearing Gentiles third, Paul was committed to fight the., along with Silvanus and Timothy it 's guts i. Paul didn ’ t be there person... Very smart about serving his own self-interest many Egyptian gods: Isis, Sarapis, Anubis that this might reduce... To opt out any time or opt in for other cookies to get a better.... 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